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Windy Hill Middle School Library: Research & History Fair

National History Day 2022

History Day Theme 2022 Debate and Diplomacy

Debate & Diplomacy in History.  Successes, Failures, Consequences. National History Day (NHD) students will explore the theme of Debate & Diplomacy in History: Successes, Failures, Consequences. Some topics might be stories of debate and diplomacy, while others might cover debate with little diplomatic effort or diplomacy without debate. Students must investigate to determine whether one or both of those themes are present in their narrative. Think of debate and diplomacy as a chess game. Several pieces are on the board, each with its unique talents and abilities. Some moves are aggressive and designed to advance the player one step closer to checkmate. Other actions involve the sacrifice of certain game pieces to advance. Students must also consider the successes, failures, and consequences of debates or diplomatic exchanges. Were they successful, and for how long? Did they fail to resolve the issues or have unintended consequences? It is important to consider the short-term and long-term impact of different events or exchanges on history. Students need to determine the legacies and consequences, good and bad, of the debates and diplomatic actions they choose. They must ask questions about successes, failures, and consequences to drive analysis. What do we consider a successful debate or diplomatic endeavor? Can a failure turn into a success or vice versa?

Before I jump into research what do I need to understand about Secondary Sources, Primary Sources and Bias?

History Databases and Resources

Britannica Encyclopedia - Great place to begin your research!
Gale In Context 
Calvert Library - History Fair Resources


Chronicling America - Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1789-1963 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about
American newspapers published between 1690-present. 

Library of Congress - America's library.  The Library of Congress is the largest library in the world, with millions of books, recordings, photographs, newspapers, maps and manuscripts in its collections. The Library is the main research arm of the U.S. Congress and the home of the U.S. Copyright Office.  The Library was founded in 1800, making it the oldest federal cultural institution in the nation. On August 24, 1814, British troops burned the Capitol building (where the Library was housed) and destroyed the Library's core collection of 3,000 volumes. On January 30, 1815, Congress approved the purchase of Thomas Jefferson’s personal library of 6,487 books for $23,950.

The National Archives - American's record keeper.  An archives is a place to gather firsthand facts, data, and evidence from letters, reports, notes, memos, photographs, and other primary sources.  The National Archives is the U.S. Government’s collection of documents that records important events in American history.  Topic ideas with Primary Sources at The National Archives.

PBS History - PBS has documentaries about historical figures and events. While many of the films found here are documentaries, some are fictionalized. It is okay to view a fictionalized story in your research, but be sure you know what is fact and what is fiction, and check your facts.

White House Historical Association - Founded in 1961 by First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy with a mission to protect, preserve, and provide public access to the rich history of America’s Executive Mansion.

World Digital Library - Search 19,147 items about 193 countries between 8000 BCE and 2000.

Women's History - Communication takes on various forms and serves different purposes; it is not just limited to speech. Throughout history women have used different forms of communication, such as protest, film, dance, and dress, to express myriad ideas.

American Archive of Public Broadcasting -  Public broadcasting has been an influential form of communication for the past seven decades, and students can use the American Archive of Public Broadcasting (AAPB) to explore how public media has communicated important issues to the American public through television and radio. More than 55,000 programs from the late 1930s to the present day are streaming online, including interviews with leading political and cultural figures and ordinary people, national newscasts and news from diverse communities across the nation, revealing documentaries, and live coverage of events as they occurred.

Maryland Center for History and Culture - The Maryland Center for History and Culture collects, preserves, and interprets the history, art, and culture of Maryland. By exploring multiple perspectives and sharing national stories through the lens of Maryland, the MCHC inspires critical thinking, creativity, and community.
Women Suffragists of Maryland - A webinar on the history of women suffragists in Maryland.

I have lots of information on my topic, now what?

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